Nordic Rule of Law Forum 2022

Criminal Policy and Procedure – The State of Play

30 September 2022 – Stockholm, Sweden

Criminal policies and procedures are changing rapidly in countries across Europe, with numerous governments taking steps to introduce harsher sentencing regulations and increasingly repressive measures. This trend can be described as Penal Populism – or as the implementation of necessary methods to effectively combat serious violent crime. During this Forum, we will take a closer look at these developments and how they affect the rule of law and international human rights standards.    


09:30-09:45 Opening Session


09:45-10:15 (KEYNOTE LECTURE/SPEECH): The Rule of Law Crisis and the Responsibility of the Legal Profession     

Laure Baudrihaye-Gerard, Fair Trials        

Laure is Fair Trials’ European Legal Director. Laure leads Fair Trials’ work on criminal justice reform in Europe and the organisation’s engagement with European regional authorities, as well as in strategic litigation in regional and domestic courts. She has authored reports and articles on pre-trial detention and more recently on criminalisation and policing.  

Laure studied English and French law (King’s College London and Universite de Paris I, Pantheon-Sorbonne) and EU law (College of Europe). Before joining Fair Trials, she worked as a lawyer (qualified in England & Wales), representing and advising clients on government investigations and in EU law-related disputes. Laure is also a qualified criminologist (Universite Libre de Bruxelles) and is a prison monitor in a large Brussels prison, presiding a review board that receives complaints from detainees against the prison administration. 

10:15-11:15 European Norms and Mechanisms to Uphold the Rule of Law

This panel discussion will consider mechanisms for protecting human rights and the rule of law by focusing on relevant regional institutions in Europe and their role in assessing and addressing actions taken at the national level with regards to developments in criminal procedure. 

Moderator: Anna Rogalska Hedlund 

Ledi Bianku, Associate Professor, University of Strasbourg and Former Judge, European Court of Human Rights, Albania 

Erik Wennerström, Judge, European Court of Human Rights, Sweden 

Paul Lemmens, Judge, European Court of Human Rights, Belgium  

11:15-11:30 Coffee Break

11:30-12:45 Social Challenges amidst the Drive for Harsher Criminal Justice Measures  

In this session, panellists will critically examine how the shifting discourse on criminality and the role of the penal system encroach on different spheres of public and private life. The panel will reflect on social, cultural, and political issues raised in the wake of developments in criminal procedure and policy, including discriminatory practices by law enforcement, the rights of the criminal contra the rights of the victim, and the pervasive trend of conflating migration with criminality.  

Moderator: Dennis Martinsson, Assistant Professor, Stockholm University

Lars Arrhenius, Equality Ombudsman, Sweden 

Vanessa Barker, Professor, Stockholm University 

Michala Clante Bendixen, Chairman, Refugees Welcome – Denmark 

Alexandra Ivankovic, Deputy Director, Victim Support Europe 

12:45-14:00 LUNCH


14:00-15:00 Comparative Criminal Procedure: Policy Developments in the Nordics and Western Balkans  

Panellists from these two regions will describe and analyse developments in criminal procedure within their respective domestic judicial systems as well as the effect of such developments on the rule of law and protection of human rights.  

Moderator: Christian Åhlund 

Mia Edwall Insulander, Secretary-General, Swedish Bar Association 

Mikkel Lindberg Laursen, Senior Adviser, Danish Institute for Human Rights 

Mirjana Lazarova Trajkovska, Supreme Court judge and former Judge of the European Court of Human Rights, North Macedonia

15:00-15:30 Coffee Break (Fika)

15:30-16:45 Rule of Law and Effective Law Enforcement: Is There a Conflict?  

In this session, practitioners from across the legal profession will share their insights on the practical dimensions of legal and political developments in criminal procedure and consider the impact on their day-to-day work. Building upon the discussions and insights from the preceding sessions, the panel will also discuss whether there is a conflict between effective criminal justice measures and protecting human rights and the rule of law. 

Moderator: Anne Ramberg 

Johan Eriksson, Attorney, Försvarsadvokaterna  

Ivana Jelic, Judge, European Court of Human Rights, Montenegro 

Anders Perklev, President, Svea Court of Appeal,  

Former Prosecutor-General of Sweden 

16:45-17:00 Closing Session

17:00-18:00 Mingle
Guests are invited to continue the conversation over light snacks and drinks.  

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